Pauling and the other members of the Palmer Committee met only a handful of times before drafting a recommendation to Bush.
The committee concluded that no existing federal agency would be able to assign grants without some degree of bias according
to specialization. As a result, Palmer's group advocated the creation of a new agency supporting scientists from different
fields of medicine and governed by medical experts spanning multiple fields.
Bush was troubled by the committee's assumption that a separate organization should be created to oversee and fund medical
research. Bush's career had been severely complicated by the lack of cooperation between Washington's many bureaucracies.
His role in the OSRD, in fact, had been almost entirely devoted to managing cross-agency communication and support, a task
that often required him to go toe-to-toe with politicians, scientists, and military men alike. As a result, he was wary of
adding yet another cog to an already complicated system of organizations. Bush saw science as a unified field with each area
deserving attention and funding. A single, independent medical organization didn't fit into his vision and so he took the
best of the Palmer Committee's ideas - the governing body of experienced researchers - and combined them with his own ideas
and those of his other colleagues and created a document that effectively changed the future of science.
In July 1945, Bush completed his final draft of "Science: The Endless Frontier." In his treatise, Bush argued that World
War II had ushered in a new era for science. The government funding of large-scale research, now known as big science, had
made apparent a new way to approach scientific problems. Better funding and bigger staffs meant fast results. It was an
exciting thought. Researchers at universities across the country had traditionally spent much of their time scrambling for
grants and struggling to beat out competing researchers for what little money there was. World War II had demonstrated to
them just how far government support could take a project. In the post-war era, the world had a new understanding of just
how much scientists could affect history.
President Roosevelt, at whose behest Bush had originally created the document, passed away in June of that year. Undeterred,
Bush delivered his findings to Roosevelt's successor, Harry S. Truman, recommending the creation of a National Research Foundation