In early 1961, with the help of a small group of activist friends, the Paulings drafted another petition, this once calling
for a halt in plans to provide nuclear weapons to NATO, a move toward universal disarmament, and strengthening the United
Nations as a force for world peace. Their "Appeal to Stop the Spread of Nuclear Weapons" was sent out to two thousand scientists
who had signed their earlier petitions. Within a month Pauling collected more than seven hundred signatures, including those
of thirty-eight Nobel laureates. He presented the results once again to the United Nations, and used the publicity to put
out a call for several hundred thousand more signatures from around the world. A petition effort this large had never been
mounted. But even that was not enough. Pauling immediately turned his attention to creating a new forum for discussion of
his issues -- an international peace meeting in Oslo.
Click images to enlarge
Linus Pauling holding a copy of "An Appeal to Stop the Spread of Nuclear Weapons". 1961.
"An Appeal to Stop the Spread of Nuclear Weapons" (first draft). January 6, 1961.
"What, more petitions! Won't you be, and stay, intimidated? You must really annoy Sen. Dodd. Here it is [my signature],
and I hope it does some good."