Lee DuBridge, president of Caltech, was increasingly unhappy about Pauling’s political activities. The spectacle of his chemistry
division leader defending himself on Meet the Press only added to his displeasure. The problem was not that DuBridge disagreed
with Pauling’s stand -- DuBridge, too, opposed bomb tests -- but he had much more to worry about than personal beliefs. He
needed to keep his units productive, and Pauling’s political work was taking away time from his scientific work, which had
fallen off in the five years since Pauling’s breakthrough publications about protein structures. He had to keep his trustees
and donors happy, and Pauling’s political work was angering a number of them.
He had to do something. In early June 1958, DuBridge asked Pauling to his office and told him again about the trouble his
peace work was causing Caltech. It became clear that DuBridge wanted Pauling to resign from the chairmanship of the chemical
division. A few days later, Pauling complied, writing, "I feel that, after having served as Chairman . . . for 21 years, I
should like to turn this job over to someone else." It was in some ways a wounding experience for Pauling; in other ways it
was a relief. He would now have more time to devote to saving the world.