All Documents and Media
|"Linus Pauling, Crusading Scientist." 1977.
Produced for NOVA by Robert Richter/WGBH-Boston.
Solving the Structure of Crystals. (2:14)
Get the Flash Player to see this audio player.
Download Audio File (Mp3) File to Your Computer
Linus Pauling: To get the Nobel Prize in chemistry I just..., just am trying to learn more about the nature of the chemical bond. This interested
me from the time I was 18 years old in 1919 when there was very little known about it. What makes atoms stick together? I
wasn't interested in what makes atoms stick together in my body, that's much too complicated a problem but if you look at
a piece of metal like that plaque on the wall, what makes the metal atoms stick to one another. Or if I think about what,
what makes the hydrogen atoms stick to the oxygen atom in water. There was very little understanding, practically none, about
the nature of the chemical bond then.
I attacked this problem and of course other people attacked it too. I attacked it first by determining the structure of crystals
by the diffraction of x-rays. This was a new technique, ten years old when I began. Quite a number of structures had been
determined but there was a tremendous field open, a tremendous amount of work that could be done. And then I determined the
structure of gas molecules by electron diffraction. And then, or even before that, I had become interested in the theory of
molecular structure, quantum mechanical theory of molecular structure. So with my students I worked at, at this, this basic
problem of molecular structure and chemical bonding in a whole lot of ways. In 1931 I published a paper that clarified, oh,
half a dozen, or a dozen, important points, answered a lot of questions. And in 1932 and '33 I published papers that answered
more questions. And there are still questions to be answered but a lot of clarification was introduced. So it was partially
experimental and partially theoretical.
ClipCreator: Linus Pauling
Clip ID: 1977v.66-bonda
Full WorkCreator: Robert Richter, WGBH-Boston
Associated: Linus Pauling, Ava Helen Pauling, David Shoemaker, E. Bright Wilson, Jr., Frank Catchpool
Copyright: More Information