Online Tutorial for Computerized Information in Agriculture
Participating planning searching learning & evaluating


Module A (1) Assessments
Module A (2) Organization of Information
Module A (3) Identifying
Module A (4) Referencing
Module A (5) Managing



Module A-4 Referencing

As you conduct your research, you will be learning new information and incorporating the ideas of others into your own thoughts. When you write your paper you must give credit to the sources for the ideas you have used. In short, you must avoid plagiarism. The standard ways to properly integrate resources into your research paper include:

Direct Quotation
Place an excerpt from your source word for word into your paper. The source must be cited, giving credit to the original author.

Restate a passage from your source in your own words. The source and author of the passage you paraphrase must be cited.

Summarize the key concept or main idea from someone else's work in your own words. You must give credit for summarized ideas to the original source.

Style Guides

Different style guides that present various formats used in documenting sources. No matter which one you use, you must be consistant with the format. The most commonly used ones are:

Government Information:
Citing government information sources using MLA style


B. Davis Schwartz Memorial Library, Long Island University


APA (American Psychological Association) format:


Citing electronic resources (from